- S.N. Bose was born on New Years day, 1894 in Goabagan in Kolkata.
- His father was an accountant in Indian Railways. Satyendra Nath Bose popularly known as Satyen Bose, did his schooling at Hindu School, Kolkata, and then joined Presidency College.
- S.N. Bose excelled in academics throughout his education – Intermediate, B.Sc. and M.Sc. with applied mathematics.
- His teacher at the Presidency College was Jagadish Chandra Bose – whose other stellar pupil was Meghnad Saha.
- S.N. Bose took his B.Sc. examination in 1913 and his M.Sc examination in 1915.
- He stood first in both the examinations, the second place going to Meghnad Saha.
- He worked as a lecturer of physics in the Science College of the University of Calcutta (1916-21) and along with Meghnad Saha, introduced postgraduate courses in modern mathematics and physics.
- S.N. Bose derived with Saha, the Saha-Bose equation of state for a nonideal gas.
- In 1921, Bose left Kolkata to become a Reader at the Dakha University.
- It was during this period that he wrote the famous paper on the statistics of photons.
- It was named Bose statistics after him and is now an integral part of physics.
- Paul Dirac, the legendary physicist, coined the term boson for particles obeying these statistics.
- Apart from this he did theoretical work on the general theory of relativity and also experimental work on crystallography, fluorescence, and thermoluminescence.
- Bose spent about 10 months in Paris in 1924, doing research with Madame Curie and Louis de Broglie.
- Later he went to Berlin where he met Einstein. He returned to Dhaka in 1926 and became Professor.
- Shortly before Independence, Bose returned to Kolkata to become the Khaira Professor of Physics, a post he kept till 1956.
- He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1958, and the Government of India named him a National Professor and awarded him the honor of Padma Vibhushan.