Ram Prasad Bismil biography

Ram Prasad Bismil was born on 11 June 1897 at Shahjahanpur, United Province, British India. His father Muralidhar was an employee of Shahjahanpur Municipality.

Ramaprasad learnt Hindi from his father and was sent to learn Urdu from Moulvi. He wanted to join an English medium school and got admission in one of such schools despite his father’s disapproval.

Bismil showed a talent for writing patriotic poetry. His poem demonstrated a commitment to remove the British control over India.

On 28 January 1918, Bismil published a pamphlet titled Deshvasiyon Ke Nam Sandesh (A Message to Countrymen), which he distributed along with his poem Mainpuri Ki Pratigya (Vow of Mainpuri).

To collect funds for the party looting was undertaken on three occasions in 1918. Soon Police searched for them in and around Mainpuri while they were selling books proscribed by the U.P. Government in the Delhi Congress of 1918. Later when police found them, Bismil absconded with the books unsold.

From 1919 to 1920 Bismil remained inconspicuous, moving around various villages in Uttar Pradesh and producing several books.

In 1921, Bismil was among the many people from Shahjahanpur who attended the Ahmedabad Congress. Later Bismil executed a meticulous plan for looting the government treasury carried in a train at Kakori, near Lucknow in U.P.

This historical event happened on 9 August 1925. This looting is known as the Kakori conspiracy. Police arrested more than 40 revolutionaries whereas only 10 persons had taken part in the decoity.

Following 18 months of legal process, Court declared Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Nath Lahiri guilty and sentenced them to death.

Ram Prasad Bismil death

On 19 December 1927, British govenment hanged Bismil at Gorakhpur Jail, Ashfaqulla Khan at the Faizabad Jail and Roshan Singh at Naini Allahabad Jail. Police took Bismil’s body to the Rapti river for a Hindu cremation, and the site became known as Rajghat

Ram Prasad Bismil poems

Our heart has the dire desire to die, See! how much force killer apply.
सरफ़रोशी की तमन्ना अब हमारे दिल में है, देखना है जोर कितना बाजुए-क़ातिल में है !

Let the time come we will tell O Sky! What to tell now what we are to try.
वक़्त आने दे बता देंगे तुझे ऐ आसमाँ ! हम अभी से क्या बताएँ क्या हमारे दिल में है !

Hope of dy’ing has dragged us here, Landlovers’ rush has increased high.
खीँच कर लाई है हमको क़त्ल होने की उम्म्मीद, आशिकों का आज जमघट कूच-ए-क़ातिल में है !

We dedicate to thee everything O Nation! Our deeds of dare they will notify.
ऐ शहीदे-मुल्के-मिल्लत हम तेरे ऊपर निसार, अब तेरी हिम्मत का चर्चा ग़ैर की महफ़िल में है !

Neither there is any zeal or wish, The heart of ‘Bismil’ now wants to die.
अब न अगले बल्वले हैं और न अरमानों की भीड़, सिर्फ मिट जाने की हसरत अब दिले-‘बिस्मिल’ में है !

This Ghazal of ‘Bismil’ was very much popular amongst all freedom fighters. They used to sing it in a chorus while proceeding to the court for trial.

British Govt. has banned it totally to be published in any of the leading News Paper but small papers continued it’s publishing.

Ram Prasad Bismil Famous Lines

Even if I have to face death a thousand times for the sake of my Motherland, I shall not be sorry. Oh, Lord! Grant me a hundred births in India. But grant me this, too, that each time I may give up my life in the service of the Motherland.

Ram Prasad Bismil caste

Ram Prasad ‘Bismil’ was a “Kshatriya” by Caste. He belong to Tomar Rajputs clan.

Ram Prasad Bismil books

Deshvasiyon ke nam sandesh (A message to my countrymen)
Bolshevikon Ki Kartoot (en: The Bolshevik’s programme)
Yogik Sadhan
Man Ki Lahar (A sally of mind)
Swadhinta ki devi: Catherine
Kakori ke shaheed

Images of Ram Prasad Bismil

Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil

Slogan of Ram Prasad Bismil

Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dil mein hai, dekhna ki zor kitna baazu-e-qatil mein hai.”

Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan

Bismil met Ashfaqulla Khan through the latter’s elder brother. When Bismil was declared absconder after the Mainpuri Conspiracy, Khan’s brother used to tell him about the bravery and Urdu poetry of Bismil.

Since then, Ashfaq was very keen on meeting Bismil because of his poetic attitude. He became friends with Bismil in a private gathering where they read couplets Ashfaq was a devout Muslim and together with ‘Bismil’ had the common objective of a free and united India.

Their common objective united them even more than before. Ram Prasad Bismil and his colleague, Ashfaqullah Khan planned and executed Kakori Conspiracy of August 9, 1925.

They both sacrificed their lives for India on December 19, 1927 but in different jails.

Ram Prasad Bismil Jayanti

Every year 11 June is celebrated as ram prasad bismil jayanti.

Ram Prasad Bismil Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna

सरफरोशी की तमन्ना अब हमारे दिल में है देखना है ज़ोर कितना बाज़ु-ए-कातिल में है
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dil mein hai, dekhna ki zor kitna baazu-e-qatil mein hai.”
(The desire for revolution is in our hearts, we shall see how much strength lies in the arms of the enemy.)

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