Pythagoras Biography

Pythagoras was the son of Mnesarchus and that he was born on the Greek island of Samos in the eastern Aegean.

His father is either a gem-engraver or a wealthy merchant.

Like many other important Greek thinkers, Historian think Pythagoras studied in Egypt. Later around 530 BC, he travelled to Croton, where he founded a school in which initiates were sworn to secrecy and lived a communal, ascetic lifestyle.


Later the teaching most securely identified him with metempsychosis, or the “transmigration of souls”.  It refers to immortal soul and, upon death, enters into a new body.

Pythagoras Formula

In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem, also known as Pythagoras’ theorem, is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle.

It states that the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

The theorem can be written as an equation relating the lengths of the sides a, b and c, often called the “Pythagorean equation”.

Pythagoras Information

In antiquity, historian credited Pythagoras with many mathematical and scientific discoveries, including the Pythagorean theorem, Pythagorean tuning, the five regular solids, the Theory of Proportions, the sphericity of the Earth, and the identity of the morning and evening stars as the planet Venus.

Later historian considered him to be first man to call himself a philosopher (“lover of wisdom”). He was the first to divide the globe into five climatic zones.

Pythagoras History

Later Pythagoras influenced Plato, whose dialogues, especially his Timaeus, exhibit Pythagorean teachings. Pythagorean ideas on mathematical perfection also impacted ancient Greek art.

His teachings underwent a major revival in the first century BC among Middle Platonists, coinciding with the rise of Neopythagoreanism.

Later historian regarded Pythagoras as a great philosopher throughout the Middle Ages. His philosophy had a major impact on scientists such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Isaac Newton.

European esotericism used Pythagorean symbolism throughout early modern period. His teachings as portrayed in Ovid’s Metamorphoses influenced the modern vegetarian movement.

Pythagoras Maths

Since at least the first century BC, Pythagoras has commonly been given credit for discovering the Pythagorean theorem, a theorem in geometry that states that “in a right-angled triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal [to the sum of] the squares of the two other sides”—that is, a^{2}+b^{2}=c^{2}.

According to a popular legend, after he discovered this theorem, Pythagoras sacrificed an ox, or possibly even a whole hecatomb, to the gods

Pythagoras Achievements

According to legend, he discovered that musical notes could be translated into mathematical equations. He made this discovery as he passed blacksmiths at work one day and heard the sound of their hammers clanging against the anvils.

In ancient times, historian credited Pythagoras and his contemporary Parmenides of Elea with having been the first to teach that the spherical shape of Earth.

He first divided the globe into five climactic zones. Also he identify the morning star and the evening star as the same celestial object.

He also was the first to identify the five regular solids and that he was the first to discover the Theory of Proportions.

Pythagoras Quotes

As long as Man continues to ruthlessly destroy of lower living beings, he will never know health or peace. For as long as men massacre animals, they will kill each other. Indeed, he who sows the seed of murder and pain cannot reap joy and love.

If there be light, then there is darkness, if cold, heat, if prosperity, adversity; if life, death.

Rest satisfied with doing well, and leave others to talk of you as they please.

Anger begins in folly, and ends in repentance.

Salt is born of the purest parents: the sun and the sea.

Pythagoras Death

Pythagoras’s emphasis on dedication and asceticism. Later he aided Croton’s in his decisive victory over the neighboring colony of Sybaris in 510 BC.

After the victory, some prominent citizens of Croton proposed a democratic constitution, which the Pythagoreans rejected.

Followers of Cylon and Ninon attacked the Pythagoreans during one of their meetings, either in the house of Milo or in some other meeting-place. Pythagoras managed to escape, but was so despondent at the deaths of his beloved students that he committed suicide.

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