Chandra Shekhar Azad family
Chandra Shekhar Azad was born as Chandrashekhar Tiwari on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra village in Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
His mother, Jagrani Devi Tiwari, was the third wife of Sitaram Tiwari, whose previous wives had died young. After the birth of their first son, Sukhdev Tiwari, in Badarka, the family moved to Alirajpur State.
Chandra Shekhar Azad image
Chandra Shekhar Azad biography
His mother wanted her son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras, to study.
In December 1921, when Mohandas K. Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement, Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year-old student, joined.
As a result, Brirish Government arrested him. Soon police produced him before magistrate. He gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata” (Independence) and his residence as “Jail” to magistrate.
From that day people start calling referring him Chandra Shekhar Azad.
In 1922, he met Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation. Soon he then became an active member of the HRA and started to collect funds for HRA.
He was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India’s train in 1926, and at last the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.
In the aftermath of the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the British clamped down on revolutionary activities.
Soon Azad and Bhagat Singh secretly reorganized the HRA as the HSRA in September 1928, so as to achieve their primary aim of an independent India based on socialist principle.
Azad died at Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27 February 1931
Chandra Shekhar Azad death
Azad visited the Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27 February 1931. Later police surrounded him in the park after an unknown informant told them he was there.
Soon he was wounded in the process of defending himself and killed three policemen and wounded some others. His actions made it possible for accomplice Sukhdev Raj to escape.
After a long shootout, holding true to his pledge to never be captured alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet.
Later police sent his body to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation without informing general public. As it came to light, people surrounded the park where the incident had taken place.
They chanted slogans against the British rule and praised Azad.
Chandra Shekhar Azad park
After Independence Government of India renamed Alfred Park in Allahabad, where Azad died, to Chandrashekhar Azad Park.
Chandra Shekhar Azad slogan
अब भी जिसका खून ना खौला, वो खून नहीं पानी है. जो देश के काम ना आये, वो बेकार जवानी है.
(Even now, if your blood does not bleed, that not blood but water. Those who do not work for the country, are useless youth)
Chandra Shekhar Azad quotes
We will face the bullets of the enemies, we are free and will remain free.
If yet your blood does not rage, then it is water that flows in your veins. For what is the flush of youth, if it is not of service to the motherland.
Don’t see others doing better than you, beat your own records everyday, because success is a fight between you and yourself.
A Plane is always safe on the ground but it is not made for that, Always take some meaningful risks in life to achieve great heights.”